Portland, the whitest major city in the country, has become whiter at its core even as surrounding areas have grown more diverse according to figures from the 2010 census. The Oregonian did an analysis of the shifts in Portland’s population on May 1, 2011 in an article entitled, “In Portland’s heart, 2010 Census shows diversity dwindling.” Below are some of the findings.
Of 354 census tracts in Multnomah, Washington and Clackamas counties, 40 became whiter from 2000 to 2010, according to The Oregonian‘s analysis of the 2010 Census. Of those, two lie in rural Clackamas County. The 38 others are in Portland.
The city core didn’t become whiter just because white residents moved in, the data show. Nearly 10,000 people of color, mostly African Americans, also moved out. Pushed out by gentrification, most settled on the city’s eastern edges, according to the census data, where the sidewalks, grocery stores and parks grow sparse, and access to public transit is limited. As a result, the part of Portland famous for its livability − for charming shops and easy transit, walkable streets and abundant bike paths − increasingly belongs to affluent whites.
Overall, Oregon saw significant gains in communities of color, particularly with 64 percent growth for Latinos and 40 percent for Asians. Statewide, the nonwhite population climbed from 16 percent in 2000 to 22 percent in 2010. Portland as a whole grew more diverse, too, with its nonwhite population increasing from 25 percent to 28 percent. Still, the city showed small gains in diversity compared with most big U.S. cities and solidified its position as the nation’s whitest.
For the first time, Multnomah County, dominated by Portland, took a back seat to Washington County as the state’s most diverse. On the city’s inner east side, however, most census tracts became whiter, even those already overwhelmingly white.
Tracts along Southeast Stark Street, for example, climbed from 78 percent white to 82 percent, or 80 percent to 85 percent. Inner North and Northeast witnessed the most striking transformation. The area bounded by the Willamette River, North Greeley Avenue, Northeast Columbia Boulevard, Northeast 42nd Avenue and Interstate 84 lost about 8,400 people of color, including 7,700 African Americans, or a loss of one in four compared with the population in 2000. Today, about 29,900 people of color remain in a total population of 105,500.
To view data from the U.S. Census for the Portland metro area visit the Portland State University Population Research Center.
Below are the numbers from the 2010 census for Portland as well as the metro area:
American Factfinder has posted data for the city of Portland entitled Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data
For more details, download the document titled Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 Geographic Area: Portland–Vancouver, OR–WA PMSA. We will post the 2010 profile when it is available.
With a population of 2.26 million people as of June 2011, the Portland-Vancouver, Wash.-Hillsboro metro area is the 23rd largest metro area in the nation. According to a searchable On Numbers database compiled by the Portland Business Journal, Salem ranked No. 131 nationally with 396,145 people, Eugene-Springfield ranked No. 144 with a population of 354,969, Medford ranked No. 207 with a population of 205,460 and Bend rounded out Oregon’s top five population centers with a ranking of 255th and a population of 161,666.
Oregon Elderly Live Healthier, Longer Lives Than in Most Other States
Because they stay physically active and eat smart, Oregon’s seniors have more healthy years ahead of them than folks in most other states.
The Centers for Disease Control released a report in July 2013 that put Oregon’s Healthy Life Expectancy (HLE) after 65 — the length of the time after retirement-age that one can expect to stay healthy — at 15 years, ranking it with the top quarter of U.S. states. Healthy life expectancy is a population health measure that combines mortality data with morbidity or health status data to estimate expected years of life in good health for persons at a given age. HLE accounts for quantity and quality of life and can be used to describe and monitor the health status of populations.
Though the report also calculates total post-65 life expectancy — for Oregon it’s 19.3 years — it’s the first government study to give state-by-state data on seniors’ estimated years of sound health.
Oregon tied with four other states — Arizona, Massachusetts, South Dakota and Utah — for ninth through 13th place for number of healthy years after retirement-age. Washington did slightly better at 15.1 years, and Hawaii came out on top with 16.2 years.
Portland Area’s College-Educated Workers Choose Low-Paying Fields, Shorter Hours
The Portland metro area’s young college-educated white men are slackers when it comes to logging hours on the job, and that’s one reason people here collectively earn $2.8 billion less a year than the national average.
The study seeks to explain why the metro area’s per-capita income has fallen five percent below the national average as of 2010, down from five percent above it in 1997.
It finds that metro Portlanders tend to choose majors, careers and work hours that lead to low pay. It portrays greater Portland as populated by humanities majors, designers, artists and teachers who work and earn less than in the vast majority of metropolitan areas.
Economic consulting firm ECONorthwest sought answers to Portland’s low-pay puzzle by digging into new data about education levels and earnings in 284 of the nation’s largest metro areas. The Portland metro area, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, includes Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas, Columbia and Yamhill counties, plus Clark and Skamania counties in Washington.
Among the findings:
Higher Education & Regional Prosperity; The Story Behind Portland-Metro’s Income Decline says the solution isn’t as simple as getting more to finish college. Which subjects college students major in and which fields graduates work in carry vast economic consequences.
The Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, administered to a sample of the U.S. population each year, recently began asking residents to report their college majors as well as their degrees, occupations and earnings. ECONorthwest researchers analyzed those for all 284 metro areas.
Among white male college graduates, they found, metro Portland has an extra-large population of humanities majors, who earn an average of about $55,000 a year. The metro area is a bit short of health majors and way short on business majors, the report says, who earn an average of $79,000 and $89,000, respectively.